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版本:v2.9 (Preview)

启用 API 审计日志以记录系统事件

你可以启用 API 审计日志来记录各个用户发起的系统事件的顺序。通过查看日志,你可以了解发生了什么事件、事件发生的时间,事件发起人,以及事件影响的集群。启用此功能后,所有 Rancher API 的请求和响应都会写入日志中。

API 审计可以在 Rancher 安装或升级期间启用。

启用 API 审计日志

你可以将环境变量传递给 Rancher Server 容器,从而启用和配置审计日志。请参见以下文档,在安装时启用该功能:

API 审计日志选项

以下参数定义了审计日志的记录规则,其中包括应该记录什么内容以及包括什么数据:

参数描述
AUDIT_LEVEL0 - 禁用审计日志(默认)
1 - 日志事件元数据
2 - 日志事件元数据和请求体
3 - 日志事件元数据,请求体和响应体。请求/响应对的每个日志事务都使用同一个的 auditID
如需了解每个设置记录的日志内容,请参见审计日志级别
AUDIT_LOG_PATHRancher Server API 的日志路径。默认路径:/var/log/auditlog/rancher-api-audit.log。你可以将日志目录挂载到主机。

示例:AUDIT_LOG_PATH=/my/custom/path/
AUDIT_LOG_MAXAGE旧审计日志文件可保留的最大天数。默认为 10 天。
AUDIT_LOG_MAXBACKUP保留的审计日志最大文件个数。默认值为 10。
AUDIT_LOG_MAXSIZE在审计日志文件被轮换前的最大容量,单位是 MB。默认大小为 100MB。

审核日志级别

下表介绍了每个 AUDIT_LEVEL 记录的 API 事务:

AUDIT_LEVEL 设置请求元数据请求体响应元数据响应体
0
1
2
3

查看 API 审计日志

Docker 安装

与主机系统共享 AUDIT_LOG_PATH 目录(默认目录:/var/log/auditlog)。日志可以通过标准 CLI 工具进行解析,也可以转发到 Fluentd、Filebeat、Logstash 等日志收集工具。

Kubernetes 安装

使用 Helm Chart 安装 Rancher 时启动 API 审计日志,会在 Rancher Pod 中创建一个 rancher-audit-log Sidecar 容器。该容器会将日志发送到标准输出 (stdout)。你可以像查看其他容器的日志一样查看 API 审计日志。

rancher-audit-log 容器位于 cattle-system 命名空间中的 rancher Pod 中。

CLI

kubectl -n cattle-system logs -f rancher-84d886bdbb-s4s69 rancher-audit-log

发送审计日志

你可以为集群启用 Rancher 的内置日志收集和传送功能,将审计日志和其他服务日志发送到支持的 endpoint。详情请参见 Rancher 工具 - Logging

审计日志示例

启用审计日志后,Rancher 会以 JSON 格式记录每个 API 的请求和响应。下文的代码示例展示了如何查看 API 事务。

元数据日志级别

如果你将 AUDIT_LEVEL 设置为 1,Rancher 只会记录每个 API 请求的元数据标头,而不会记录请求体。标头记录了 API 事务的基本信息,包括 ID、发起人、发起时间等。代码示例如下:

{
"auditID": "30022177-9e2e-43d1-b0d0-06ef9d3db183",
"requestURI": "/v3/schemas",
"sourceIPs": ["::1"],
"user": {
"name": "user-f4tt2",
"group": ["system:authenticated"]
},
"verb": "GET",
"stage": "RequestReceived",
"stageTimestamp": "2018-07-20 10:22:43 +0800"
}

元数据和请求体日志级别

如果你将 AUDIT_LEVEL 设置为 2,Rancher 会记录每个 API 请求的元数据标头和请求体。

下面的代码示例描述了一个 API 请求,包括它的元数据标头和正文:

{
"auditID": "ef1d249e-bfac-4fd0-a61f-cbdcad53b9bb",
"requestURI": "/v3/project/c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s/workloads/deployment:default:nginx",
"sourceIPs": ["::1"],
"user": {
"name": "user-f4tt2",
"group": ["system:authenticated"]
},
"verb": "PUT",
"stage": "RequestReceived",
"stageTimestamp": "2018-07-20 10:28:08 +0800",
"requestBody": {
"hostIPC": false,
"hostNetwork": false,
"hostPID": false,
"paused": false,
"annotations": {},
"baseType": "workload",
"containers": [
{
"allowPrivilegeEscalation": false,
"image": "nginx",
"imagePullPolicy": "Always",
"initContainer": false,
"name": "nginx",
"ports": [
{
"containerPort": 80,
"dnsName": "nginx-nodeport",
"kind": "NodePort",
"name": "80tcp01",
"protocol": "TCP",
"sourcePort": 0,
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/containerPort"
}
],
"privileged": false,
"readOnly": false,
"resources": {
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/resourceRequirements",
"requests": {},
"limits": {}
},
"restartCount": 0,
"runAsNonRoot": false,
"stdin": true,
"stdinOnce": false,
"terminationMessagePath": "/dev/termination-log",
"terminationMessagePolicy": "File",
"tty": true,
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/container",
"environmentFrom": [],
"capAdd": [],
"capDrop": [],
"livenessProbe": null,
"volumeMounts": []
}
],
"created": "2018-07-18T07:34:16Z",
"createdTS": 1531899256000,
"creatorId": null,
"deploymentConfig": {
"maxSurge": 1,
"maxUnavailable": 0,
"minReadySeconds": 0,
"progressDeadlineSeconds": 600,
"revisionHistoryLimit": 10,
"strategy": "RollingUpdate"
},
"deploymentStatus": {
"availableReplicas": 1,
"conditions": [
{
"lastTransitionTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:38Z",
"lastTransitionTimeTS": 1531899278000,
"lastUpdateTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:38Z",
"lastUpdateTimeTS": 1531899278000,
"message": "Deployment has minimum availability.",
"reason": "MinimumReplicasAvailable",
"status": "True",
"type": "Available"
},
{
"lastTransitionTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:16Z",
"lastTransitionTimeTS": 1531899256000,
"lastUpdateTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:38Z",
"lastUpdateTimeTS": 1531899278000,
"message": "ReplicaSet \"nginx-64d85666f9\" has successfully progressed.",
"reason": "NewReplicaSetAvailable",
"status": "True",
"type": "Progressing"
}
],
"observedGeneration": 2,
"readyReplicas": 1,
"replicas": 1,
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/deploymentStatus",
"unavailableReplicas": 0,
"updatedReplicas": 1
},
"dnsPolicy": "ClusterFirst",
"id": "deployment:default:nginx",
"labels": {
"workload.user.cattle.io/workloadselector": "deployment-default-nginx"
},
"name": "nginx",
"namespaceId": "default",
"projectId": "c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s",
"publicEndpoints": [
{
"addresses": ["10.64.3.58"],
"allNodes": true,
"ingressId": null,
"nodeId": null,
"podId": null,
"port": 30917,
"protocol": "TCP",
"serviceId": "default:nginx-nodeport",
"type": "publicEndpoint"
}
],
"restartPolicy": "Always",
"scale": 1,
"schedulerName": "default-scheduler",
"selector": {
"matchLabels": {
"workload.user.cattle.io/workloadselector": "deployment-default-nginx"
},
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/labelSelector"
},
"state": "active",
"terminationGracePeriodSeconds": 30,
"transitioning": "no",
"transitioningMessage": "",
"type": "deployment",
"uuid": "f998037d-8a5c-11e8-a4cf-0245a7ebb0fd",
"workloadAnnotations": {
"deployment.kubernetes.io/revision": "1",
"field.cattle.io/creatorId": "user-f4tt2"
},
"workloadLabels": {
"workload.user.cattle.io/workloadselector": "deployment-default-nginx"
},
"scheduling": {
"node": {}
},
"description": "my description",
"volumes": []
}
}

元数据、请求体和响应体日志级别

如果你将 AUDIT_LEVEL 设置为 3,Rancher 会记录:

  • 每个 API 请求的元数据标头和请求体。
  • 每个 API 响应的元数据标头和响应体。

请求

下面的代码示例描述了一个 API 请求,包括它的元数据标头和正文:

{
"auditID": "a886fd9f-5d6b-4ae3-9a10-5bff8f3d68af",
"requestURI": "/v3/project/c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s/workloads/deployment:default:nginx",
"sourceIPs": ["::1"],
"user": {
"name": "user-f4tt2",
"group": ["system:authenticated"]
},
"verb": "PUT",
"stage": "RequestReceived",
"stageTimestamp": "2018-07-20 10:33:06 +0800",
"requestBody": {
"hostIPC": false,
"hostNetwork": false,
"hostPID": false,
"paused": false,
"annotations": {},
"baseType": "workload",
"containers": [
{
"allowPrivilegeEscalation": false,
"image": "nginx",
"imagePullPolicy": "Always",
"initContainer": false,
"name": "nginx",
"ports": [
{
"containerPort": 80,
"dnsName": "nginx-nodeport",
"kind": "NodePort",
"name": "80tcp01",
"protocol": "TCP",
"sourcePort": 0,
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/containerPort"
}
],
"privileged": false,
"readOnly": false,
"resources": {
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/resourceRequirements",
"requests": {},
"limits": {}
},
"restartCount": 0,
"runAsNonRoot": false,
"stdin": true,
"stdinOnce": false,
"terminationMessagePath": "/dev/termination-log",
"terminationMessagePolicy": "File",
"tty": true,
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/container",
"environmentFrom": [],
"capAdd": [],
"capDrop": [],
"livenessProbe": null,
"volumeMounts": []
}
],
"created": "2018-07-18T07:34:16Z",
"createdTS": 1531899256000,
"creatorId": null,
"deploymentConfig": {
"maxSurge": 1,
"maxUnavailable": 0,
"minReadySeconds": 0,
"progressDeadlineSeconds": 600,
"revisionHistoryLimit": 10,
"strategy": "RollingUpdate"
},
"deploymentStatus": {
"availableReplicas": 1,
"conditions": [
{
"lastTransitionTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:38Z",
"lastTransitionTimeTS": 1531899278000,
"lastUpdateTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:38Z",
"lastUpdateTimeTS": 1531899278000,
"message": "Deployment has minimum availability.",
"reason": "MinimumReplicasAvailable",
"status": "True",
"type": "Available"
},
{
"lastTransitionTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:16Z",
"lastTransitionTimeTS": 1531899256000,
"lastUpdateTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:38Z",
"lastUpdateTimeTS": 1531899278000,
"message": "ReplicaSet \"nginx-64d85666f9\" has successfully progressed.",
"reason": "NewReplicaSetAvailable",
"status": "True",
"type": "Progressing"
}
],
"observedGeneration": 2,
"readyReplicas": 1,
"replicas": 1,
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/deploymentStatus",
"unavailableReplicas": 0,
"updatedReplicas": 1
},
"dnsPolicy": "ClusterFirst",
"id": "deployment:default:nginx",
"labels": {
"workload.user.cattle.io/workloadselector": "deployment-default-nginx"
},
"name": "nginx",
"namespaceId": "default",
"projectId": "c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s",
"publicEndpoints": [
{
"addresses": ["10.64.3.58"],
"allNodes": true,
"ingressId": null,
"nodeId": null,
"podId": null,
"port": 30917,
"protocol": "TCP",
"serviceId": "default:nginx-nodeport",
"type": "publicEndpoint"
}
],
"restartPolicy": "Always",
"scale": 1,
"schedulerName": "default-scheduler",
"selector": {
"matchLabels": {
"workload.user.cattle.io/workloadselector": "deployment-default-nginx"
},
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/labelSelector"
},
"state": "active",
"terminationGracePeriodSeconds": 30,
"transitioning": "no",
"transitioningMessage": "",
"type": "deployment",
"uuid": "f998037d-8a5c-11e8-a4cf-0245a7ebb0fd",
"workloadAnnotations": {
"deployment.kubernetes.io/revision": "1",
"field.cattle.io/creatorId": "user-f4tt2"
},
"workloadLabels": {
"workload.user.cattle.io/workloadselector": "deployment-default-nginx"
},
"scheduling": {
"node": {}
},
"description": "my decript",
"volumes": []
}
}

响应

下面的代码示例描述了一个 API 响应,包括它的元数据标头和正文:

{
"auditID": "a886fd9f-5d6b-4ae3-9a10-5bff8f3d68af",
"responseStatus": "200",
"stage": "ResponseComplete",
"stageTimestamp": "2018-07-20 10:33:06 +0800",
"responseBody": {
"actionLinks": {
"pause": "https://localhost:8443/v3/project/c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s/workloads/deployment:default:nginx?action=pause",
"resume": "https://localhost:8443/v3/project/c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s/workloads/deployment:default:nginx?action=resume",
"rollback": "https://localhost:8443/v3/project/c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s/workloads/deployment:default:nginx?action=rollback"
},
"annotations": {},
"baseType": "workload",
"containers": [
{
"allowPrivilegeEscalation": false,
"image": "nginx",
"imagePullPolicy": "Always",
"initContainer": false,
"name": "nginx",
"ports": [
{
"containerPort": 80,
"dnsName": "nginx-nodeport",
"kind": "NodePort",
"name": "80tcp01",
"protocol": "TCP",
"sourcePort": 0,
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/containerPort"
}
],
"privileged": false,
"readOnly": false,
"resources": {
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/resourceRequirements"
},
"restartCount": 0,
"runAsNonRoot": false,
"stdin": true,
"stdinOnce": false,
"terminationMessagePath": "/dev/termination-log",
"terminationMessagePolicy": "File",
"tty": true,
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/container"
}
],
"created": "2018-07-18T07:34:16Z",
"createdTS": 1531899256000,
"creatorId": null,
"deploymentConfig": {
"maxSurge": 1,
"maxUnavailable": 0,
"minReadySeconds": 0,
"progressDeadlineSeconds": 600,
"revisionHistoryLimit": 10,
"strategy": "RollingUpdate"
},
"deploymentStatus": {
"availableReplicas": 1,
"conditions": [
{
"lastTransitionTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:38Z",
"lastTransitionTimeTS": 1531899278000,
"lastUpdateTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:38Z",
"lastUpdateTimeTS": 1531899278000,
"message": "Deployment has minimum availability.",
"reason": "MinimumReplicasAvailable",
"status": "True",
"type": "Available"
},
{
"lastTransitionTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:16Z",
"lastTransitionTimeTS": 1531899256000,
"lastUpdateTime": "2018-07-18T07:34:38Z",
"lastUpdateTimeTS": 1531899278000,
"message": "ReplicaSet \"nginx-64d85666f9\" has successfully progressed.",
"reason": "NewReplicaSetAvailable",
"status": "True",
"type": "Progressing"
}
],
"observedGeneration": 2,
"readyReplicas": 1,
"replicas": 1,
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/deploymentStatus",
"unavailableReplicas": 0,
"updatedReplicas": 1
},
"dnsPolicy": "ClusterFirst",
"hostIPC": false,
"hostNetwork": false,
"hostPID": false,
"id": "deployment:default:nginx",
"labels": {
"workload.user.cattle.io/workloadselector": "deployment-default-nginx"
},
"links": {
"remove": "https://localhost:8443/v3/project/c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s/workloads/deployment:default:nginx",
"revisions": "https://localhost:8443/v3/project/c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s/workloads/deployment:default:nginx/revisions",
"self": "https://localhost:8443/v3/project/c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s/workloads/deployment:default:nginx",
"update": "https://localhost:8443/v3/project/c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s/workloads/deployment:default:nginx",
"yaml": "https://localhost:8443/v3/project/c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s/workloads/deployment:default:nginx/yaml"
},
"name": "nginx",
"namespaceId": "default",
"paused": false,
"projectId": "c-bcz5t:p-fdr4s",
"publicEndpoints": [
{
"addresses": ["10.64.3.58"],
"allNodes": true,
"ingressId": null,
"nodeId": null,
"podId": null,
"port": 30917,
"protocol": "TCP",
"serviceId": "default:nginx-nodeport"
}
],
"restartPolicy": "Always",
"scale": 1,
"schedulerName": "default-scheduler",
"selector": {
"matchLabels": {
"workload.user.cattle.io/workloadselector": "deployment-default-nginx"
},
"type": "/v3/project/schemas/labelSelector"
},
"state": "active",
"terminationGracePeriodSeconds": 30,
"transitioning": "no",
"transitioningMessage": "",
"type": "deployment",
"uuid": "f998037d-8a5c-11e8-a4cf-0245a7ebb0fd",
"workloadAnnotations": {
"deployment.kubernetes.io/revision": "1",
"field.cattle.io/creatorId": "user-f4tt2"
},
"workloadLabels": {
"workload.user.cattle.io/workloadselector": "deployment-default-nginx"
}
}
}